Popular Technology Stacks For Web Application Development

techmanga June 27, 2021 0 Comments

Web developer roles to play in tech

All websites we use today are essentially two parts: the frontend and thebackend. Both are equally important to build a fully functional website.So, what is the difference between frontend and backend?The frontend is what we see and interact with and the backend is the brainbehind it. To understand this better, let’s take Netflix for example.Frontend of Netflix Once we login, we get to scroll through an endless list of TV shows andmovies. The elements that are visible to us such as the programs, the detailswe get to read before making our choice, the option to include captions,adjust the volume, etc, ensure a smooth and user-friendly experience.Backend of Netflix As soon as you log in, the backend fetches data from the database server anddisplays personalized recommendations based on your interests and previousbehavior. Backend developers code the logic for such actions and play anintegral role in implementing the functionality of the product.It is clear that both the frontend and backend come together in building afully functional website.But can a web developer do both?Full stack web developers are the complete package with knowledge in bothfrontend and backend development.For this, you must have proficient knowledge in a sought after tech stackssuch MEAN, MERN, LAMP, etc.MEAN: MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS (or Angular), and Node.jsMERN: MongoDB, Express, React, NodeLAMP: Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHPMERN stack is becoming increasingly popular and is a highly recommended techstack for those looking to pick up Java full stack developer skills.* * *Every aspiring web developer faces the dilemma of being a frontend developeror backend developer. This can be simplified through an analogy. Would youlike to be the actor of an oscar winning film or the director?Both play their parts in entertaining the audience. The actor brings a storyto life, which is what we see on screen. Whereas it is the director, behindthe camera, creating the story.If you are a logical thinker, passionate about coding, and don’t mind workingbehind the scenes to create impactful solutions, backend development is madejust for you.

What does a backend developer do?

Backend developers are in charge of the proper functioning of a webapplication. They write logical code to implement the functionality andenhance the speed and efficiency of a web app.This means that a backend developer is responsible for: 1. Implementation of the backend web architecture that comprises servers, databases, operating systems. 2. Handling client requests with APIs. 3. Managing database(s) and caching. 4. Creating the business logic to run the application. 5. Troubleshooting performance bottlenecks using scientific debugging. 6. Build reusable code and libraries for future use. 7. Optimizing functionality, page loading speed, and scalability of the application. 8. Improving site infrastructure with timely enhancements and upgrades.

Skill 1 Programming language and backend frameworks

It goes without saying that to be a skilled backend developer, it is crucialto master a programming language. The backend code written in a specificlanguage is used to communicate with the frontend of the web application. Along with programming language, backend frameworks are an integral part ofweb development. They enable you to organize your code in a structured way andimprove efficiency by reducing repetitive work (we love this, don’t we?)Based on your preferred language, you can choose from a variety of existingframeworks to build your web application.Best backend development languages to learn in 2020

Become a confident backend developer

Now that you have a good idea of what you should learn, the next step is tostart learning.There are plenty of YouTube videos and popular blogs to refer to when you arelearning. But the only way you will grasp backend skills is when you Learn byDoing.Only when you build something on your own, you understand how the backend of aweb application works.You can do this by working on a couple of mini projects. Mini projects are agreat way to deepen your programming skills and get hands-on with backendframeworks and tools you want to learn.Learning backend development is not an overnight task. It is undoubtedlychallenging to grasp concepts at the very first go especially when you arelearning the skills on your own.If you are looking for guided projects to learn essential backend webdevelopment skills, Crio’s backend web developer track might be perfect foryou. Through the track, you will go through real world backend developerexperiences to master core skills like Java, OOP, REST API, MongoDB, etc andapply your learning in 3 independent projects.

Frontend Programming

Frontend or the client side involves building of web pages and user interfacefor web-applications. It usually implements the structure, design, behaviour,animations for everything you can see on screen while using website or webapplication. The client side is a visual part that helps users see andinteract with this part of an app. Mentioned interaction is possible thanks toa number of programming tools. Client-facing web apps are usually built usinga combination of JavaScript, HTML, and CSS.HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a programming language that tells abrowser how to display the content of the web pages.CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a style sheet language that describes the lookand formatting of a document written in HTML. In other words, CSS allows tochange the look of the page’s elements, such as fonts, text, pictures, tables,etc.. While HTML comes first and create a certain foundation for your page,CSS comes along next to create the page’s layout.JavaScript (JS) is another frontend technology that makes web pages dynamicand interactive. JS provides simple and complex web animations, which greatlycontribute to positive user experience. For easier web development there areJS libraries (like jQuery, React.js and Zepto.js) as well as frameworks (suchas Angular, Vue and Backbone). The difference between libraries and frameworksis that framework is a sort of a “skeleton” for the application, which definesits features, while a library is a collection of class definitions whichperforms specific operations to fill in the mentioned “skeleton” of the app.At 2muchcoffee, to develop complex and multi-tier products we use TypeScript,as a part of the frontend toolkit. TypeScript allows to achieve a dynamicapproach to programming and proper code structuring.

Backend Programming

Server-side programming or backend is not visible to the users, however, it isthe core element in the app development due to the fact it strengthens theclient side. A strong backend is an equivalent of the building’s basis.Without a good and strong foundation, everything that would be built on top ofthat will fail to perform.> Check out Top Web Development CompaniesThe major challenge is to choose the right backend technologies for furtherdevelopment. Backend programming languages are aiming to create the logic ofwebsites and applications, while the framework offers multiple tools for moresimple and fast coding practice. Each language has its own strong areas. Whilebuilding an application, there are a lot of things that need to be taken careof and to select an appropriate language for developing an application is oneof the complicated tasks. Pros and cons of the language are considered forselecting and most importantly the performance, scalability, cost, support andmaintainability are primary concerns.The most popular backend languages (along with the frameworks including inbrackets):Ruby (Ruby on Rails)Built on the Ruby programming language, Ruby on Rails provides a greatdevelopment ecosystem for building web app which will be perfect for tradingplatforms, data services, Q&A social website, social networks, global onlinemarketplace, etc. The framework’s tools include database integration andcontrollers which makes it easier to facilitate web development on an end toend basis. It is usually used to develop desktop apps and web apps. Popularapplications running on Ruby on Rails include Airbnb, GitHub, Bloomberg,Fiverr, Groupon.Python (Django, Flask, Pylons)Python can be used to develop different applications like web apps, graphicuser interface based apps, software development apps, scientific and numericapps, network programming, Games and 3D apps and other business applications.In the modern IT industry, Python is widely used for data science and machinelearning. One of the predominant benefits of Python is able to handlethousands of requests each minute. Additionally, due to the fact this is anobject-oriented language, it is able to efficiently generate code which meansthat software can manipulate its own functions and scalability. Popularapplications running on Python include Instagram, Spotify, Amazon, Facebook.PHP (Laravel, CodeIgniter, Symfony, Yii, Zend, Phalcon, CakePHP, FuelPHP)PHP facilitates to provide uniform variable syntax, sensitive context, andabstract syntax, which makes the language consistent though there are problemsin standard library issues. Companies like Wikipedia, Tumblr, Slack, Etsytrusted PHP in the app development process. PHP will be the right solution forcreating a blog or software-as-a-service app.Node.js (Express.JS, Koa.JS, Nest.JS, Loopback.io)Node.js is an open-source platform that is developing server-side web apps. Itwas originally intended to make it easier to create push capability for real-time websites. And it also includes native modules that can manage everythingfrom files to computing resources and security.At 2muchcoffee, we prefer to use Node.js as a great solution for real-timeapps. Due to its speed, concurrency and intensive data exchange a lot of bigcompanies, such as Netflix, Linkedin, Walmat, Trello, Uber, PayPal, Medium,eBay benefited from this technology. In fact, the functionality of Node.jsprovides consistency and smooth performance to the apps. It is suitable forstreaming services, Uber-like apps, online eCommerce platforms, publishingplatforms.The mechanism of backend programming is quite simple: the web server, which ispart of the backend, accepts requests from a browser, processes these requestsaccording to a certain logic, turns to the database if needed, and sends backthe relevant content.A database will help you to store the app’s data. Databases typically includeaggregations of data records or files. For example, in eCommerce development,these records or files will be sales transactions, product catalogs andinventories, and customer profiles.Among a wide range of databases, we will mention databases 2muchcoffee usuallyworks with. For web development we usually used the following databases: * MySQL – provides high performance and scalability, which is essential for apps that rely heavily on multi-row transactions, such as a typical banking app. * PostgreSQL – this database is suitable for financial, manufacturing, research and scientific projects. It has great analytical capabilities and boasts a powerful SQL engine, which makes processing large amounts of data easy and smooth. * MongoDB – among the predominant capabilities, such as a document-based data model. It is a great choice when it comes to calculating distances and figuring out geospatial information about customers, as this database has specific geospatial features. It’s also good as part of the technology stack for e-commerce, event, and gaming apps.The web server is what allows server to deliver content via the Internet. Theprinciple is that all websites must be hosted on a web server. When you browsethe Internet online, you open web pages. When you navigate to a web page, aweb server is acting behind the scenes to find the page you have requested. Itdelivers the files that make up the web page to you, so you can view andinteract with it. There are two major web servers: * Apache – is one of the most popular web servers that allows you to run a secure website without smoothly. It’s the most frequent choice of small businesses that want a presence on the web. The companies that uses Apache are Slack, HotelTonight, Etsy, Linkedin, Comcast, Yahoo! * Nginx – helps to deliver sites and apps with performance, reliability, security, and scale. The company offers an award-winning, comprehensive application delivery platform in use on more than 300 million sites worldwide. Companies around the world rely on NGINX to ensure flawless digital experiences through features such as advanced load balancing, web and mobile acceleration, security controls, application monitoring, and management. The list of companies that are using Nginx consists of Airbnb, Uber Technologies, Spotify, Instagram, Medium, Dropbox.

Backend Tech Stack

The server-side of software development is the backend tech stack. It refersto the inner workings of a website or app that users cannot see. Think of itlike the electric power stations that generate electricity for your home. Theymay seem invisible in the background, but they are important to keep theoperations running smoothly.The backend stack includes these elements: * Programming languages – This creates logic for apps and websites. The codes link the web to a database. Some examples are JavaScript, PHP, and Python * Frameworks – it provides support of applications based on a single programming language. Laravel, Django, and Ruby on Rails are few of the popular frameworks * Servers – You need backend servers to manage client requests. Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft’s Internet Information Server (IIS) are great examples of web servers. * Databases – It’s a digital space to store data (word document, web page, MP3 file). MongoDB, PostgreSQL, and MySQL are common databases.These web development programming languages, frameworks, technologies,servers, databases are built on top of each other. Hence, the term techstacks.VIDEO

What is a technology stack for web application development?

Technology stack is a set of programming languages, frameworks, and softwarethat are used to build any web or mobile application. Technology stack for webapp development is a combination of specific components that make theapplication fully functional.

Components of Technology Stack for Web Application Development

Technology stack for web development is divided into two broad categoriesnamely front end (client-side) and back end (server-side). Each of these areashas their respective roles to play in web development and comes with acomprehensive set of tools.

Programming languages and frameworks for back end web development

As we mentioned above, the back-end provides the logic to the web application.A programming language is a technology that creates this logic.Web developers can choose from a variety of different programming languages tocode for the application. In addition to that, there are many frameworksavailable for each programming language that make the process of coding fasterand easier.Following are some of the commonly used programming languages along with theframeworks available for them mentioned in the brackets: * Ruby (Ruby on Rails) * JavaScript (NodeJS, MeteorJS, ExpressJS) * PHP (Laravel, CodeIgniter) * Python (Django, Flask) * Scala (Play)

Components of Modern Tech Stack For Web Development: A Summary

Client-side tools and server-side technologies involved in web applicationdevelopment build upon each other and thus form a technology stack.While some technologies like HTML and CSS are indispensable for every webapplication development process, you have choices in the rest of the tools.In order to build a web application, you need to pick a front-end framework,programming languages, and databases. A leading web app development company oran expert full stack developer can be your technology partner and help youevaluate the choices.

Popular Technology Stacks For Web Application Development

Although the technology stack used in web application development depends onthe kind of project you want to build, there are certain tech stacks that giveyou a readymade combination of tools for your web app development.

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